“People who register a change in brand preference after seeing a commercial subsequently buy the product three times more than people who don’t.”
David Ogilvy — the man heralded as the father of advertising — wrote that in Ogilvy on Advertising.
(If you’re not familiar, Ogilvy was essentially the real-life Don Draper of Mad Men. In fact, some people believe him to be the inspiration for Jon Hamm’s character.)
When he penned that statistic in 1983, Ogilvy was referring to television commercials. And essentially, he was saying this: To sell more of a product, a brand must make its commercials so compelling that they convince viewers to prefer it to competing brands.
In his book, Ogilvy reveals the characteristics of commercials that tend to do just that.
Reading his advice made me wonder: How many of Ogilvy’s tips — set to paper more than 30 years ago — still apply today? In particular, how many of them apply to online video?
Quite a lot, I believe.
In this post, I’m going to pair Ogilvy’s suggestions with modern examples of video advertising. And I think you’ll find that the brands using these classic strategies in their video ads also happen to be among the most successful.
Probably not a coincidence.
1. Be funny (if you’re funny).
Making a video ad — or an ad of any kind, for that matter — humorous is easier said that done.
When I think of funny online video ads, Dollar Shave Club immediately comes to mind. You’ve probably seen the following clip — it’s been inspiring advertising folks since 2012. But it’s an excellent example of strong brand personality and, of course, humor.
Few people are truly funny. It’s a gift, and we don’t all have it. (Otherwise, comedians wouldn’t be able to make a living.) So tread lightly, because the wrong joke may actually offend viewers.
2. Showcase real-life applications of the product.
Featuring your product in relatable scenarios can help viewers picture themselves using your product. And as we saw with storytelling, if you can get viewers to imagine using your product, they’re one (major) step closer to buying from you.
GoPro is fortunate in that real-life applications of its products tend to be quite epic. This ad for the HERO3 — shot 100% using the product it’s advertising — is a beautiful example.
3. Include testimonials.
Interestingly, Ogilvy warns against featuring testimonials from celebrities. People remember the celebrities, he writes, but not the products they endorse. Plus, viewers often (correctly) think the celebrity has been paid to gush about the product. This weakens the power of the testimonial.
Alternative testimonial sources? Experts and customers.
Expert testimonials make your brand appear more credible and authoritative. (But take care to select a relevant expert.) Whereas customer testimonials — like real-life applications — help viewers see themselves using the product.
In the following video, see how a customer testimonial can make a compelling ad for something as dull as a printer.
The most believable customer testimonials are candid (i.e., the subject isn’t aware she’s being filmed). And here’s a bit of unconventional advice from Ogilvy: Criticize your product. This will encourage satisfied customers to advocate on its behalf — making for a much more convincing testimonial.
4. Feature recurring, unusual characters.
Brand characters can help increase the memorability and continuity of an advertising campaign. And the more bizarre the character, the better.
Case in point: the Old Spice Guy.
Not all characters are equally compelling. Cartoons, Ogilvy notes, may be good for selling to kids but don’t influence adults. (Take note, GEICO.)
5. Demonstrate the product in a creative way.
What oddball use cases would emphasize your product’s value? Creative product demonstrations can surprise, entertain, and impress viewers.
Ogilvy gives the example of a commercial for super glue. In the ad, two people hold a man upside down and glue his shoes to the ceiling. They then walk away, leaving the man hanging by his shoes — a testament to the extreme strength of the super glue.
My favorite modern use of this idea is Blendtec.
6. Follow the pain, agitation, solution formula.
Ah, good old PAS. It’s a longtime favorite selling formula of copywriters everywhere.
The process is simple:
- Present the problem your audience faces (that your product solves).
- Accentuate the problem — really stress the pain points.
- Show how your product is the perfect solution to the problem.
Snickers has built an entire ad campaign with this formula. The problem is hunger. And the solution, of course, is to grab a Snickers bar.
7. Try a talking head.
Though they aren’t necessarily the most dazzling, talking head-style videos are easy on budgets — and they’re quite compelling, too. If the term is new to you, a talking head is exactly what it sounds like: someone talking in front of a camera.
Pretty basic, right? But don’t be afraid to be a little creative in your approach, as Starbucks is in this next ad.
Interesting note: Showing someone talking is more persuasive than using a voiceover, according to Ogilvy. Voice-on-camera sells more. Period.
8. Provide a reason to buy.
Why should people buy your product rather than your competitor’s? Make sure you answer this question in your videos.
Highlight a differentiator, but think twice before calling out the competition directly, Ogilvy cautions. Naming a competitor can actually confuse viewers, causing them to misattribute the ad to the other brand. (Oops.)
Regularly in its ads, Chipotle Mexican Grill gives viewers a reason to buy: unprocessed ingredients — something of a rarity among fast food chains.
Take care with product features. You don’t want to flood your videos with them and forget to focus on customer benefits.
9. Share news.
From breaking headlines to small town gossip, we’re inherently drawn to news. So when you have timely information — whether it’s about a product launch, recently added feature, or something else — be sure to share the news.
You can even frame your ad as a faux news story, as Doritos did.
If you don’t have literal news to share, you can still harness the power of noteworthy announcements by demonstrating a new way to use your product.
10. Use an emotional hook.
Emotions drive our decisions (which we rationalize with logic later). So it’s really no surprise that emotional ads are more likely to change a viewer’s brand preference.
To see emotion-driven ads in action, just look at Dove. It seems like the brand’s whole marketing strategy for the last several years has been “tug at the heart strings.”
When it comes to establishing emotion in your ads, music can be a highly effective tool. Learn how to pick the right music for your video here.
11. Reinforce the brand name.
Though it seems obvious that an ad should feature the brand’s name, many advertisers barely mention it, likely for fear of appearing overly promotional. The reality, however, is that viewers need a little reminding.
Identify your brand early and reinforce it often — otherwise you risk viewers remembering your commercial but not you (and your competition may pick up the business).
In the brief video below, State Farm cleverly manages to squeeze itself into the dialog four times.
12. Focus on the product.
Like a brand name, you’d think virtually every ad would feature the product it’s advertising, right? But surprisingly, many brands don’t feature product.
Take Red Bull, for example, a brand praised for its content marketing efforts. So many of its videos — like this one — lack any mention of product. (Admittedly, that video probably wasn’t used as an advertisement, but you get the idea.)
On the other end of the spectrum is Apple, a company known for skillfully showcasing its products.
Ogilvy also recommends showing:
- The product packaging.
- Food in motion (e.g., pouring melted chocolate) — if you’re advertising food.
- Close-ups of the product.
13. Open with a gripping scene.
Beginning your video with a boom may be more critical now that it was back in Ogilvy’s day. After all, most social networks auto-play videos with sound off, and the Internet is a wonderfully distracting place.
Think of your video’s opening scene the way you might of an article’s headline. If it doesn’t steal the audience’s attention, the content that follows won’t be seen, no matter how amazing it may be.
This video from Nike is a good example of a video that starts with action. (That thumbnail alone begs to be clicked!)
14. Add sound effects.
The right sound effects (e.g., sizzling bacon) can elicit a physiological response in viewers. This not only helps the viewer imagine using the product, but also amplifies desire for the product.
Don’t believe me? Just think of every restaurant commercial you’ve ever seen. (Or simply watch this one from McDonald’s.)
While sound effects can be useful, Ogilvy recommends avoiding jingles. Mostly because they’re just kind of awkward. If a customer walked into your store and asked about your product, you wouldn’t sing a response, right?
That said, this Bacon Brothers jingle is eggs-ellent. (See what I did there?)
15. Superimpose words.
Overlaying text on your videos can help you emphasize key points. This technique works best when the words match those that are being spoken at the same time.
Don’t confuse superimposed text with captions. You can superimpose words artfully, as Coca-Cola does.
16. Captivate with awe-inspiring visuals.
Your video needs to look good and show viewers something interesting to capture attention online.
I like the way Ogilvy puts it: “Avoid visual banality.”
And this is probably easier now that ever before, thanks to 360 video. Take a look at the magical world Oreo Cookie created.
Stand on the shoulders of an advertising giant.
It’s pretty cool, right? Great advertising truths from the ’80s are still great advertising truths today.
As a recap, to increase your chances of winning customers from your competitors, Ogilvy’s sage advice — translated to the world of online video advertising — is to:
- Be funny (if you’re funny.)
- Showcase real-life applications of the product.
- Include testimonials.
- Feature recurring, unusual characters.
- Demonstrate the product in a creative way.
- Follow the pain, agitation, solution formula.
- Try a talking head.
- Provide a reason to buy.
- Share news.
- Use an emotional hook.
- Reinforce the brand name.
- Focus on the product.
- Open with a gripping scene.
- Add sound effects.
- Superimpose words.
- Captivate with awe-inspiring visuals.
One thing I think this list is missing? Puppies. Everyone loves puppies.
What do you think? Is this list missing something? Or do you disagree with a recommendation that’s already on it?
Sound off in the comments below!